Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational Diabetes? - Baby-Pregnancy-Belly-Love-Pregnant-Woman

During pregnancy, a woman will experience hormonal changes that can affect blood sugar in her body. That is why pregnant women need to be very careful in eating certain foods. Otherwise, gestational diabetes is the result. - Gestational diabetes is diabetes experienced by the mother during pregnancy. A woman who develops gestational diabetes will tend to develop type 2 diabetes later in life. That's why during pregnancy, you need to pay attention to the portion and nutritional content in your diet. This type of diabetes is usually present after the age of 28 weeks or in the third trimester.

Keep in mind, this type of diabetes is not only present because there is a history of diabetes in your family. However, because during pregnancy, there is an increase in hormones in your body such as progesterone, estrogen, and placental lactogen. Increasing these hormones makes insulin unable to work properly so that the sugar in the blood will increase. High blood sugar will be taken by the fetus and stored as fat in the body. The result? The fetus grows larger than the average.

Recognizing Causes and Gestational Diabetes Risk Factors

The presence of gestational diabetes can certainly be prevented. One is to recognize and avoid the things that trigger the cause. Here are some of the causes and risk factors that trigger the emergence of gestational diabetes.

1. Insulin does not work well

During pregnancy, a woman will experience hormonal changes that then affect the increase in blood sugar levels in the body. This is actually a natural thing because the excess blood sugar will be delivered to the baby so that the baby can grow. Well, when blood sugar rises, the body should also produce more insulin so that glucose into the fetus is not excessive.
Unfortunately, in some women, insulin is not well produced. As a result, the mother develops gestational diabetes during pregnancy and the baby grows unnaturally.

2. History of gestational diabetes

In addition to problems with insulin, the risk of gestational diabetes will increase if in previous pregnancy you experienced the same thing. So, if you have experienced this condition before, try to be more careful in the next pregnancy.

3. Body mass index

During pregnancy, it is important for you to continue to control your weight by knowing the body mass index. Because if your body mass index is over 30 during pregnancy, that means you belong to the category of obesity. At this level, the body will tend to be at risk of developing gestational diabetes.

4. Previously born babies develop macrosomia

Macrosomia is a condition in which a baby is born weighing 4.5 kg or more. Try to remember well the weight of your child before birth, if weighing 4.5 kg or more, you should pay more attention to the development of the fetus and what you consume.

The Danger of Mother and Child

A woman who during pregnancy develops gestational diabetes can not only contain babies weighing above average. Some other complications may also occur. For example, the low mineral and blood sugar in the baby's body when born. Temporary respiratory distress or infant has jaundice.

Excessive fetal weight may also result in the possibility of injury to either mother or child during labor. Usually, if during pregnancy the doctor has been able to predict the size of your baby, the doctor will suggest a cesarean section. This is done to avoid injury during labor.

In addition, mothers who during pregnancy suffer from this type of diabetes also tend to risk miscarriage, a premature baby born and experienced preeclampsia.

So start to pay more attention to what you eat and keep the portion control. Do not let you do things that can harm the health of the fetus and yourself in the future. Know, in addition to you who later may be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, children born to mothers with gestational diabetes are also at risk of developing diabetes or obesity later in life.

Mother, not always a baby born chubby is funny. To avoid the idea that during pregnancy you need more food than ever before. Rather than multiply the portion, it is better to enrich the nutrients. Of course, you do not want to harm your fetus, do you?

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Gestational Diabetes? Gestational Diabetes? Reviewed by Risyal Ambiyansyah on November 19, 2017 Rating: 5

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